X-Ray Diffractometer (X’Pert PRO PANalytical)
X-ray diffraction (XRD) is the primary, non-destructive tool for identifying and quantifying the mineralogy of crystalline compounds in rocks, soils and powder. Every mineral or compound has a characteristic X-ray diffraction pattern whose 'fingerprint' can be matched against a database of over 250 000 recorded phases. Modern computer-controlled diffraction systems can interpret the diffraction traces produced by individual constituents and highly complex mixtures. The available XRD instrument in KAIN can measure diffraction pattern from an angle of 5o.